Jumaat, 7 Januari 2011

The Malaysian Insider :: World

The Malaysian Insider :: World

Obama, in blow to closing Guantanamo, signs law

Posted: 07 Jan 2011 04:01 PM PST

Obama said he was left with no choice but to sign the defence authorisation act. — Reuters pic

WASHINGTON, Jan 8 — President Barack Obama, in a setback to hopes for the quick closing of the Guantanamo Bay prison, reluctantly signed a bill today barring suspects held there from being brought to the United States for trial.

Making plain he would fight to repeal language in the law obstructing civilian US trials for Guantanamo terrorism suspects, Obama said he was left with no choice but to sign the defence authorisation act for fiscal 2011.

"Despite my strong objection to these provisions, which my administration has consistently opposed, I have signed this act because of the importance of authorising appropriations for, among other things, our military activities in 2011," Obama said in a statement.

Obama has vowed to close the US military prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, which has drawn international condemnation for the treatment of detainees, but has met stiff resistance at home.

The bill includes sections blocking funding for the transfer of suspects from the Guantanamo prison to the United States. It also restricts the use of funds to ship them to other countries, unless specified conditions are met.

"The prosecution of terrorists in federal court is a powerful tool in our efforts to protect the nation and must be among the options available to us," Obama said. "Any attempt to deprive the executive branch of that tool undermines our nation's counterterrorism efforts."

The provisions expire on September 30, at the end of the current fiscal year. What happens at that point depends on what Congress decides on defense authorization.

Until then, the law will make it very difficult for the Obama administration to pursue criminal trials for terrorism suspects, including the self-professed mastermind of the September 11 attacks, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, who had been slated to face a trial in New York.

 "My administration will work with the Congress to seek repeal of these restrictions, will seek to mitigate their effects, and will oppose any attempt to extend or expand them in the future," said Obama, who pledged during his 2008 presidential campaign to close Guantanamo.

There are still 174 detainees at the Guantanamo prison and about three dozen were set for prosecution in either U.S. criminal courts or military commissions. Republicans have demanded the trials be held at Guantanamo.

In a May 2009 speech in which he underscored his pledge to close Guantanamo, Obama said there was a need for "prolonged detention" for some terrorism suspects who could not be tried but posed a threat to security.

US officials say trials are not possible in some cases because evidence was obtained through torture or is classified.

"The president has made it clear that he's going to follow the statute, and he's made it clear — as have our military commanders — that closing Guantanamo is a national security imperative," an administration official said. — Reuters

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Sarkozy takes G20 case to Obama as food prices soar

Posted: 07 Jan 2011 03:26 PM PST

France's President Nicolas Sarkozy and First Lady Carla Bruni-Sarkozy are presented flowers as they arrive in Fort-de-France, Martinique. — Reuters pic

PARIS, Jan 8 — French President Nicolas Sarkozy takes his campaign for greater global food price and currency stability to Washington next week when he seeks Barack Obama's support for France's goals as head of the Group of 20 powers.

Soaring food prices and riots in places like Algeria offer Sarkozy ammunition to press for more coordination between G20 governments to combat wild swings in vital commodity prices as well as exchange rates versus the long-dominant U.S. dollar.

The French president wants to use his run at the G20 helm in 2011 to start, if not finish, reforms of the monetary system at a time when many countries are tempted to let their currency drop to promote exports and growth after the worst downturn since World War Two, even if that can be at each others' expense.

Paris is also pressing for international efforts to impose greater transparency in commodity markets trading and pricing, and for tougher regulation of trading in commodity derivatives along the lines pursued for other investment derivatives in the wake of the financial markets crisis that preceded the economic downturn of 2008-2009, and the government debt crisis now.

"As we sense it, more multilateralism is the best answer to the increased instability in the world," a Sarkozy adviser said of a meeting happening on Monday in Washington, where Sarkozy will be accompanied by wife and ex-model Carla Bruni-Sarkozy as well as his finance and defence ministers.

"We want to broach this thinking with the Americans and see if they are willing to join in such an approach, whereafter we can produce more precise proposals," said the advisor, who spoke to reporters on condition of anonymity.

South Korea, which has just handed the rotating presidency of the G20 to France, said yesterday working-level meetings had already begun on food price rises that have revived fears of a repeat of the 2008 food crisis. 

The problem is moving up the political agenda in Asia, where China has recently sold corn, sugar, rice and other commodities out of state reserves to cool prices. 

In North Africa, hundreds of youths clashed with police over food prices and chronic unemployment in several cities this week, including in the capital. 

Some of the concrete ideas being considered for G20 talks include: obliging commodity investors to trade through exchanges rather than less transparent over-the-counter transactions and pressing for better sharing of data and crop forecasting.

French Prime Minister Francois Fillon underlined the point this week when he told a conference in Paris one of France's top G20 priorities was to find a collective response to "excessive volatility" in commodity prices, notably for food and energy.

The French president who played a key role in cooordinating a European response in the earlier stages of the financial crisis in his own part of the world, is also keen to make some headway as G20 presidency on his long-held view that the time has come to wean the world off decades of dollar-dependence.

"For us this is not about reducing the dollar's role. We want the dollar to continue to play a major role but exchange rate forces are inexorably set to change, which brings with it phases of major financial tension and great instability," said the Sarkozy adviser.

With the rise of the likes of G20 members China and Brazil, Sarkozy is seeking to rally the group as a whole to the idea of a more diversified monetary system after decades where the U.S. dollar has served as the world's reserve currency and a major unit of international trade settlement.

"We want to encourage the international development of other currencies, such as the yuan," said the adviser.

Brazil has been blazing a trail to curb speculation and a rise in its own currency. Its central bank announced further measures this week that increases banks' reserve requirements when betting that the real will strengthen against the dollar.

Obama is expected to visit France in May for a meeting of the G8, which includes the wealthy Western countries of the G20 economic forum plus Russia, but is shifting towards a focus more centred on foreign policy discussion since the G20 became the forum of preference for fighting the global economic crisis.

White House National Security Council spokesman Mike Hammer said Sarkozy and Obama would also confer on that front during their Monday meeting in Washington.

"As close allies, the presidents will also review the situations in Afghanistan, Lebanon, Iran, Ivory Coast, Sudan and Middle East Peace efforts," said Hammer. "They will also discuss counterterrorism cooperation." — Reuters

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